On November 12, 2019, the Florida Supreme Court declined jurisdiction and declined D.R. Horton’s petition for review relating to D.R. Horton’s ongoing lawsuit with Heron’s Landing Condo Association (Association), one of D.R. Horton’s condominium developments. This recent development leaves D.R. Horton with a $9,600,000 judgment to pay because of the many allegedly faulty construction issues that were uncovered in the development of Heron’s Landing.
The Association filed a complaint back in June of 2013 that alleged D.R. Horton had violated the Florida Building Code, breached warranties, and was negligent in their construction of Heron’s Landing. The residents of Heron’s Landing testified to what they had experienced in their condos which included, “wet carpets and drywall, mold, wall cracking, roof leaks, and increasing noise coming through the walls from nearby units.” Id. 1205. The Association also had expert witnesses, W. Ron Woods and Bryan Busse, testify as to Heron’s Landing’s faulty construction- which led to the first issue that D.R. Horton brought forth.
D.R. Horton filed a motion which sought to preclude the testimony of both Woods and Busse on the grounds that their testimony was “without proper foundation, based upon extrapolation,” and that the testimony did not pass the threshold of admissibility required by Florida statute. Id. at 1204. During the hearing on D.R. Horton’s motion, Woods testified to his almost 40 years of experience in building condition assessments and surveys, the standards he used when investigating building conditions and how such standards were peer-reviewed by engineers, architects, and building design professionals, as well as his conclusion that the issues he found would had been observable during construction.
The trial court found under the Florida statute and the Daubert standard, that the methodology used by the experts, Woods and Busse, was scientifically reliable, had been peer-reviewed, had been developed by people in the relevant industry, and was generally accepted in the scientific community which meant the testimony was admissible. However, while the appeal for the instant case was pending, the Florida Supreme Court decided DeLisle v. Crane Co., which adopted the Frye standard in evaluating expert testimony instead of the Daubert standard which the trial court used in the instant case.
Upon appeal, the Association argued that the new applicable Frye standard did not affect their experts’ testimony admissibility because, “under a ‘Frye analysis’ no judicial review of its expert testimony was even necessary” because the Frye analysis only applies when experts render testimony that is based on new or novel scientific principles, and their experts’ testimony was not new or novel. Id. 1207. D.R. Horton argued the exact opposite, alleging that the experts’ opinions were subject to reversal because the testimony was based on new and novel scientific principles. The appellate court sided with the Association and concluded that no Frye analysis was necessary to determine the admissibility of the experts’ testimony because the experts used methodology that was reliable and had widespread acceptance within the relevant scientific community. In conclusion, the experts’ extrapolation testimony was still admissible under the Frye analysis because the testimony was not new or novel and the methodology used by the experts was generally accepted by the relevant scientific community.
D.R. Horton also brought up a second issue on appeal that alleged that the Association suffered no actual damages as a result of the building code violations. The appellate court shut down this argument due to the residents’ testimony of the issues they encountered within the Heron’s Landing condos as well as the expert testimony from Wood and Busse; both evidence of actual damages. Further, D.R. Horton was aware of the faulty construction because Heron’s Landing’s project supervisor had informed D.R. Horton of the problems that existed during construction; therefore, D.R. Horton could not argue that they were unaware of the faulty construction of Heron’s Landing.
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